Trang An eco-tourism is the complex of majestic mountains, beautiful valleys, and mystic caves together with magnificent monuments. Coming to Trang An, tourists will have opportunities to enjoy spectacular natural scenery and discover the origin of mankind in early period. They also may return back to the past to learn about the glorious history of national construction and defense of our forefathers from The Dinh, Le, Ly and Tran dynasties.
Located in Trang An Landscape Complex of Ninh Binh province, Trang An eco-tourism with a total area of 2,168 hectares is well- known for not only breath-taking beauty but also typical geomorphologic features, its biodiversity as well as cultural values. In 2014, Trang An Landscape Complex was officially inscribed on UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage List.
The complex of Trang An with the sacred Bai Dinh Temple in the festival.
Situated entirely in Hoa Lu limestone for thirty two millions years, Trang An went through long periods of geological transformation and weathering to create marvelous natural sites with hundreds of valleys, caves, lakes and marshes. Trang An’s mountains have characteristics of tropical terrain like peak tower image, arch and precipice. The rolling mountains successively lower toward the Northwest – Southeast. According to the researchers, Trang An landscape in the past was an ancient sea area, and there was appearance of palate terrain with the imprints of penetration in the limestone foothills.
A mesmeric scene that seen throughout the crystal water of Ngo Dong River.
Caves in this place are mostly in the form of horizontal ones. The chicks generated during the transformation gradually created the flow in the cave. One of the most special features in Trang An cave system is river cave.
Statistically, there are about 50 water caves and 50 dry ones clustered incessantly and interconnected together. Trang An area with a typical Karst terrain plays an important role in the study of topographical, geological and hydrological evolution.
Trang An is famous for ecosystem with high level of biodiversity. It also owns diversified flora and fauna systems which are divided into limestone and aquatic ecosystems. Many endangered animals like chamois or phoenix and scarce plants namely honeysuckle, oppositifolius yam or stemonatuberosalisted in Vietnam’s Red Book are in the need of protection.
Trang An with a diversified bio-system.
In particular, Trang An eco-tourism located in the relic complex carries outstanding historical along with cultural values. During research and archaeological excavations, researchers have found out many vestiges and relics of ancient Vietnamese in some caves (especially Boi cave), which are important evidences for the study of traditional culture and civilization of ancient Vietnamese people.
Trang An is also renowned as a sacred place witnessing and imprinting the ups and downs of Vietnam history. Previously, Trang An was the South Citadel of Hoa Lu Ancient Capital. With high mountain terrain and craggy rivers, Trang An was the resistance capital where The Tran dynasty fought against Nguyen- Mong invaders, where King Quang Trung firstly open a great break against Thanh armys, and the place where Vietnamese army succeeded in many battles against French and American domination. Until present, the historical and ancient cultural imprints have been remained in many temples, pagodas and shrines.
Situated at the bottom of mountain, Trinh temple was built following the convenient terrain of mountain and water. Going through the historical periods of transformation, Trinh temple has been renovated and expanded more spaciously.
In front of the temple, people worship two loyal mandarins Ta Thanh Dinh and Huu Thanh Tru who served as the General Supervisor of treasury governance. Legend has it that after the deceased of King Dinh Tien Hoang, and the court was in a chaotic situation. General Le Hoan usurped the power. Two mandarins helped Dinh Toan to evade from the supervision of Le Hoan. After Queen Duong Van Nga abdicated the throne to Le Hoan, they decided not to "worship two masters"; therefore, they finally committed suicide. To commemorate their loyalty and their services, people had built a memorial in this place.
Trinh temple among the spectacular nature of Trang An.
The main palace, Tu Tru temple worships four people namely Vizier Nguyen Bac, Commander Dinh Hien, Great tutor Luu Co and Minister Trinh Tu who not only had great contribution to the national foundation but also played a vital role in constructing and defensing it.
The temple was made of stone with a unique architecture and subtle carvings to honor General Quy Minh and his wife, Hoang Phi ladyship. Quy Minh Genie was the General defending the frontier of Son Nam. Temple was the town of the South, one of the four towns of Hoa Lu Ancient Capital. From the XIII century, King Tran Thai Tong came to this area and established Vu Lam royal step-over place and restored the temple, hence it was called Tran Temple. Tran Temple Festival is held on 18th March of annual Lunar calendar.
Tran temple is located on a mountain slope.
Khong palace leans against Khong cave, its construction followed by Dinh shape, and the temple gate overlooked the vast lake. Before, there was an ancient tree of thousands years old called “Thi” tree (its science name is Diospyrosdecandra). Khong palace worships seven loyal mandarins of the Dinh dynasty. According to the elders, when King Dinh Tien Ha died, they brought many fake coffins buried in many places, and then committed suicide in order to keep secret about the location of the tomb. General Dinh Cong, a powerful mandarin in the court, admired their courage as well as loyalty, so he built an altar in the palace. The word "Khong" means the secret location of King DinhTien Hoang tomb is still a mystery until now.
Dia Linh cave
Dia Linh cave has another name called “Treasure”, because when coming into this place, visitors will have feeling like they are lost in the world of "treasure" with stunning stalactites. Those stalactites cave are so sparkling and impressive that it may be one of the most attractive scenery they have enjoyed. The cave is about 300 meters in length. Get out of the cave, tourists will be welcomed by majestic and breathtaking natural sightseeing.
Dia Linh cave.
Toi cave (dark cave)
Toi cave is about 320 meters in length. As its terrain is winding, the sunlight hardly can reach into the cave. Toi cave has low and vaulted ceilings. Deep in the cave, there are many yellow lights so that visitors can admire stones on the ceiling with unique shapes.
Sang cave (Bright cave)
Sang Cave is 100 meters in length, 12 meters in width and 12 meters in height. The name- “Sang cave” means the aspirations of ancient people to have prosperous lives, from the "dark" to "bright", after Toi cave is Sang one, which may be one of reasons for calling those caves in those names.
Bright Cave - an unlimited inspiration for photographers.
Nau Ruou cave (Wine-brewing Cave)
Nau Ruou cave is 250meters in length, high ceilings and larger than other caves. People can come in the cave to discover its beauty by boat.
Nau Ruou cave has artesian water which is 10 meters in depth and connected to Hoa Lu Ancient Capital. According to legend, local residents used the water from the stream to brew wine and presented them to the King. In the process of research and surveys, people have found many pottery and jars used for brewing wine; therefore, it is called Nau Ruou Cave (wine-brewing cave).
Sinh Cave, Si Cave, Ba Giot Cave
Sinh cave, Si cave and Ba Giot cave attached to a sad love story of a couple. The story is that there was a man fell in love with a woman; however, when he decided to bring wedding presents to Sinh cave, the woman was forced to the neighboring nation to marry to another man. He was so painful that he decided to commit suicide. He went to Ba Giot cave to have bath, and then jumped into Si cave to forget this love.
Ba Giot Cave.
Ba Giot cave has trees sprouting from the ceiling upside -down cross. Stalactites in the cave are characterized by humidity and water leak, so they make up a variety of unique shapes and beautiful color. It is said that if anyone goes through Ba Giot cave and grabs three drops of water will be lucky and happy.
Khong cave is 70 meters in length. This place which was not only a military base and installation but also a weapon factory supplying weapons for Vietnamese army to fight against French and American dominations.
Toi Ngoai Valley
Toi Ngoai valley is surrounded with mountains and water. There are four caves in this valley namely Toi cave, Sang cave, Ba Giot cave and Seo cave which symbolize four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Toi Ngoai valley is considered as a place harmonizing between yin and yang spirituality.
Thung Toi Ngoai Valley.
Noi Lam cave
Noi Lam has a total area of 90.000 square meters. The East - West and the South - North of the valley is from 250 meters to 300 meters in width. Researchers have found thousands of artifacts and relics with high historical values in Noi Lam cave. At the bottom of the mountain, there is a shrine made of stones and bricks worshipping gods of the Dinh dynasty. In particular, after long periods of prospecting and researching, people have discovered many vestiges such as the fragments of glazed pottery, crockery, wood, rocks and soil which proved Noi Lam valley was a part of Vu Lam royal step-over place of the Tran Dynasty. According to historical documents, Vu Lam royal-step over served as a military bases in the Tran dynasty in the war against Nguyen - Mongolia invaders (the 2nd and 3rd invasions). It was also the place where King Tran Thai Tong and Tran Nhan Tong led in religious life and propagated Buddhism. Coming to Noi Lam valley, visitors will be allured by spectacular natural beauty. Majestic mountains, ancient moss as well as fresh air will make this place become an ideal destination for everyone those wishes to escape from the fast pace of life in big cities. Noi Lam valley with magnificent and impressive natural beauty won’t disappoint any visitors and leave them unforgettable experiences.